Tree import settings
Editing a chart
TreeDraw allows you to choose between several available date formats. Any imported dates will use the format you specify here, no matter what the original format was.
The Date format settings will be stored in an import profile. Month/day/prefix descriptors and Gregorian calendar settings are not stored in import profiles.
|DD MM YYYY||25 12 1995|
|DD MMM YYYY||25 Dec 1995|
|MM DD YYYY||12 25 1995|
|MMM DD YYYY||Dec 25 1995|
|YYYY MM DD||1995 12 25|
|YYYY MMM DD||1995 Dec 25|
|DD MMMM YYYY||25 December 1995|
|MMMM DD YYYY||December 25 1995|
|WWWW DD MMMM YYYY||Monday 25 December 1995|
|WWWW MMMM DD YYYY||Monday December 25 1995|
|MMM YYYY||December 1995|
|YYYY MMM||1995 December|
The character to be used to separate the day from the month and month from the year. In the examples above the separator is a space but any character may be used, eg. 25/12/1995 25-12-1995 25.12.1995
Set this option if you want day and month numbers less than 10 to have a leading zero, eg. 01-02-1995 09 Jan 1995
Month names / Weekday names
Overseas users who need to change the month names and weekday names into their own language, can modify the entries in "Month names" and "Weekday names" lists. Month number 1 is January, 2 is February, etc. Weekday number 1 is Sunday, 2 is Monday, etc. Use the Defaults button to reset the month and weekday names to English.
Change to Gregorian calendar
What we recognise today as a calendar with twelve months and 365 days per year with leap years, dates from the year 46 BC when it was adopted by Julius Caesar and hence became known as the Julian calendar. There were some modifications made until about 4 AD so dates between 46 BC and 4 AD can be suspect. However, since the average length of the Julian year was 365.25 days and the "real" length is about 365.2423, the Julian calendar became increasingly out of step with the seasons by about 1 day every 131 years. In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII decided that a new calendar would be adopted, the Gregorian calendar, which would make the length of a calendar year much closer to the real year by changing the rules for leap years. To get the calendar back into step ten days were omitted from the calendar on the day of its adoption and it was decreed that the day following Thursday 4 October 1582 would be Friday 15 October 1582. Unfortunately things are complicated by the fact that the Gregorian calendar was not adopted by every country/state on that date, in fact only by a few catholic European countries, and it took hundreds of years for the new calendar to be adopted everywhere (the Greek Orthodox Church delayed until 1924).
You can specify the date that the Gregorian calendar was adopted in your country by setting the Last Julian and First Greg dates. Weekdays are calculated by TreeDraw using the Julian calendar if the date is prior to the Last Julian date or the Gregorian calendar if it is after the First Greg date. Dates in between these two dates are invalid.
The dates entered in these two boxes must be in the format DD MMM YYYY.
It is important that the correct Gregorian calendar adoption date has been set before you import dates prior to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar.
Below is a list of countries/states and the dates that they adopted the Gregorian calendar. The dates are shown as YYYY.MM.DD. This is not intended as a complete list and has been compiled from various sources. Some countries (eg. Sweden) had strange variations in the way that they adopted the calendar for which no special dispensation is made in TreeDraw.
|Country / State||Last Julian||First Gregorian|
- Carinthia (Kärnten), Styria (Steiermark)
- Brabant, Flanders and Hainaut (Hennegau)
- Liege (Lüttich)
- Færø Islands
|England and dominions||1752.09.02||1752.09.14|
In 1753 Finland was a part of Sweden. In 1808/9 it became part of Russia which at that time still used the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar remained the official calendar in Finland but some documents use the Julian calendar.
- Lorraine (Lothringen)
- Alsace (Austrian Upper Alsace)
- City of Strasbourg
|Germany - Catholic regions
- Treves (Trier)
- Bavaria (Bayern)
- Cologne (Köln), Aachen
- Mayence (Mainz)
- Baden, Strasbourg (diocese only)
- Münster, Cleve
- Silesia (Schlesien), Lusatia (Lausitz)
- Westphalia (Westfalen)
Germany - Protestant regions
- Greek Orthodox Church
- Florence and Pisa
- Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Uznemune (Suduva)
- Catholic regions, Zeeland, Brabant
- Limburg and the southern provinces
- Groningen (until summer 1594)
- Gelderland, Zutphen
- Utrecht, Overijssel
- Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe
- Prussia (Preußen)
Scotland adopted part of the required change by making 1 January the start of the new year in 1600 (previously it had started on 25 March, ie. 24 March 1598 was followed by 25 March 1599), however the full change to the Gregorian calendar did not happen until 1752 with the rest of the UK.
Sweden decided to make a gradual change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. By dropping Feb 29 from every leap year from 1700 to 1740 the eleven superfluous days would be omitted and from 1 Mar 1740 they would be back in sync with the Gregorian calendar.
So 1700 (a Julian leap year) was not a leap year in Sweden. However, by mistake, 1704 and 1708 both contained a Feb 29 as in a normal leap year. This left Sweden out of synchronisation with both the Julian and the Gregorian world, so they decided to go back to the Julian calendar. In order to do this, they inserted an extra day in 1712 giving February 30 days.
In 1753, Sweden finally changed back to the Gregorian calendar by dropping 11 days like everyone else.
- Basle (Basel)
- Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, Zug, Freiburg, Solothurn
- Wallis (Valais)
- Zürich, Bern, Basel, Geneva, Schafhausen, Thurgau
- Neuchâtel, Mühlhausen, Biel
- Texas, Florida, California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
- Mississippi Valley
- Washington, Oregon, British Colonies
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